On Saturday I had a very saintly day, visiting St. Teath, St. Kew, St. Endellion, St. Minver, and St. Tudy churches in Cornwall. By the end of the day the number of Cornish bench-endy churches I’ve visited was brought up to 43, which means I’m now more than half way to the total of 83 contained in the list.
I’ve mentioned before that bench ends are not always found on the ends of benches, and I’ve grown rather used to hunting for them in screens, pulpits, panelling, desks, and other places around the church, but even with such experience one could easily be forgiven for not finding the bench ends at St. Tudy. Fortunately, I was forearmed with the knowledge of where to look thanks to Todd Gray’s Gazetteer – they’re on the ceiling. Around 1873 some of the bench ends were destroyed, but eight shield carvings were preserved and re-used as roof bosses.
However, these roof bosses are not the only survivors of the St. Tudy bench ends, for some were removed to nearby Michaelstow church, where they remain. Michaelstow had its own carved bench ends as well, and I have not yet managed to get into Michaelstow church to see if the sets can be differentiated.
All this got me thinking about the movement of bench ends from one church to another. As I mentioned earlier, I also visited St. Teath where 20 bench ends remain, but others from St. Teath were long ago removed to Tintagel. While I was working at Tintagel a few weeks ago I took the opportunity to visit the church there, and also the churches of Trevalga and Forrabury, both of which contain bench ends originally from the local church of Minster.
This movement of bench ends has occurred outside Cornwall too, of course. In Devon the bench ends of South Huish have been moved to Powderham, and some of the Staverton ends have ended up at Lewtrenchard, for example. Similar occurrences can also be found in Somerset. But in Victorian North Cornwall it must have been difficult to move anywhere without meeting a wagon carrying bench ends from one church to another.
Bench ends from St. Teath (L) and Tintagel (R) showing striking similarities